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淀山湖后生浮游动物群落结构特征分析

冯德祥 刘一 禹娜 陈亮 李二超 陈立侨

冯德祥, 刘一, 禹娜, 陈亮, 李二超, 陈立侨. 淀山湖后生浮游动物群落结构特征分析[J]. 华东师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2011, (6): 122-131.
引用本文: 冯德祥, 刘一, 禹娜, 陈亮, 李二超, 陈立侨. 淀山湖后生浮游动物群落结构特征分析[J]. 华东师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2011, (6): 122-131.
FENG De-xiang, LIU Yi, YU Na, CHEN Liang, LI Er-chao, CHEN Li-qiao. Study on meta-zooplankton community structure of Dianshan Lake[J]. Journal of East China Normal University (Natural Sciences), 2011, (6): 122-131.
Citation: FENG De-xiang, LIU Yi, YU Na, CHEN Liang, LI Er-chao, CHEN Li-qiao. Study on meta-zooplankton community structure of Dianshan Lake[J]. Journal of East China Normal University (Natural Sciences), 2011, (6): 122-131.

淀山湖后生浮游动物群落结构特征分析

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q948.12

Study on meta-zooplankton community structure of Dianshan Lake

  • 摘要: 于2008年10月至2009年10月对淀山湖浮游动物的群落结构组成及现存量进行了调查研究.共鉴定浮游动物80种,其中轮虫46种(58%),枝角类21种(26%),桡足类13种(16%),优势种主要为螺形龟甲轮虫(Keratella cochlearis)、矩形龟甲轮虫(Keratella quadrata)、曲腿龟甲轮虫(Keratella valga)、萼花臂尾轮虫(Brachionus calyciflorus)、裂足臂尾轮虫(Brachionus diversicornis)、长额象鼻溞(Bosmina longirostris)、简弧象鼻溞(Brachionus coregoni)、微型裸腹溞(Moina micrura)、广布中剑水蚤(Microcyclops leuckarti)、球状许水蚤(Schmackeria forbesi)和汤匙华哲水蚤(Sinocalanus dorrii).淀山湖浮游动物的月平均密度为(356334) ind./L,最高值出现在2009年5月,为1 260 ind./L,最低值出现在 2008年12月,为52 ind./L;淀山湖浮游动物的月平均生物量为(12.6712.53) mg/L,最高值出现在2009年7月,为40.85 mg/L,最低值为2008年12月的1.45 mg/L. 水平分布上,浮游动物周年年均生物量在S11(水产养殖场)最高,生物密度和生物量分别达208 ind./L和22.77 mg/L,S9(威尼斯别墅段)样站年平均密度最低,为208 ind./L;年平均生物量最低点出现在S7站位,仅为6.91 mg/L.淀山湖浮游动物Shannon-Wiener 物种多样性指数(H)变动在 0.841~2.187之间,平均为1.718,采用生物多样性指数法对水质状况进行初步评价,结果显示淀山湖水体总体呈现-中污型污染程度.
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  • 收稿日期:  2010-09-01
  • 修回日期:  2010-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2011-11-25

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