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学习结果导向的能力和技能:人力资源发展、教育和培训中的能力拓展、建模和标准

C·M·斯塔克

C·M·斯塔克. 学习结果导向的能力和技能:人力资源发展、教育和培训中的能力拓展、建模和标准[J]. 华东师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2012, (2): 115-130.
引用本文: C·M·斯塔克. 学习结果导向的能力和技能:人力资源发展、教育和培训中的能力拓展、建模和标准[J]. 华东师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2012, (2): 115-130.
Christian M. STRACKE. Competences and skills for learning-outcome orientation: competence development, modelling, and standards for human resources development, education and training[J]. Journal of East China Normal University (Natural Sciences), 2012, (2): 115-130.
Citation: Christian M. STRACKE. Competences and skills for learning-outcome orientation: competence development, modelling, and standards for human resources development, education and training[J]. Journal of East China Normal University (Natural Sciences), 2012, (2): 115-130.

学习结果导向的能力和技能:人力资源发展、教育和培训中的能力拓展、建模和标准

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: Q948

Competences and skills for learning-outcome orientation: competence development, modelling, and standards for human resources development, education and training

  • 摘要: 本文对数字时代的能力和技能的潜在用例和影响进行了总结,主要强调了人力资源发展标准和元数据扮演的角色和优势,同时解释了能力模型能够为学习、教育和培训中的质量发展提供的特殊支持.关于这个方面,只对这一被称为能力建模的创新方法的主要特征以及它与职业教育、培训(VET)的关联进行了总结.同时,还介绍了一个常见的能力模型,这一模型包括一个标准化能力结构和一套水平分类,并针对一般应用情景和职业教育、培训中的具体用例进行了讨论.有证据表明,能力建模和现有的能力模型不仅使得工作地点、组织和个人的发展获得了改善,同时还加速了世界的移动,能力和技能也越来越被人们认识和了解.最后介绍了欧洲对能力建模的主要行动方案,并强调了与之有关的现有标准化活动.
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    [8] FRIEDMAN T L. The World is flat. The Globalized World in the Twenty-First Century[M]. London: Penguin Books, 2006.

    [9] HILDEBRANDT B, STRACKE C M, JACOVI M. (2006). Support Systems for Quality in E-Learning[C]// KOMMERS P./ RICHARDS G. Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunication 2006. Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 151-158.

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    [11] ISO/IEC 19796-1 (2005): Information Technology-Learning, Education, and Training—Quality Management, Assurance and Metrics—Part 1: General Approach. Geneva: International Organisation for Standardization (ISO).

    [12] ISO/IEC 20006-1 (WD) (2010): Information Technology for Learning, Education and Training—Information Model for Competency—Part 1: Competency General Framework and Information Model.

    [13] JURAN J M. (1992). Juran on quality by design. The new steps for planning quality into goods and services. New York: Free Press.

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    [16] LUHMANN N. (1995): Social Systems. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    [17] MATURANA H. R./ Varela, Francisco J. (1992): The Tree of Knowledge. The Biological Roots of Understanding. Boston: Shambhala.

    [18] PIAGET J. (1969): The origin of intelligence in the child. London: Routledge (1953).

    [19] PIAGET J./ Inhelder, B. (1972): Die Psychologie des Kindes. Olten/ Freiburg i.Br.: Walter-Verlag.

    [20] PAS 1093 (2009): Human Resource Development with special consideration of Learning, Education and Training-Competence Modelling in Human Resource Development. Berlin: Beuth. [also online available on: http://www.qed-info.de/downloads].

    [21] SC36 (2006): SC36 Terms of Reference, retrieved October 28, 2006, http://jtc1sc36.org or http://www.iso.org/jtc1/sc36.

    [22] STRACKE C M. (2011): “Competence Modelling for Innovations and Quality Development in E-Learning: Towards learning outcome orientation by competence models”; in: Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunication 2011 [= EdMedia 2011] (2011), AACE, Chesapeake, VA (in print).

    [23] STRACKE C M. (2010a): Quality and Standards in Learning, Education, and Training: The Adaptation Model IDEA for the Introduction of Quality Development. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on the Past and Future of e-Learning Standards. Toyo, Tokyo (2010) [also online available on: http://www.qed-info.de/downloads].

    [24] STRACKE C M. (2010b): “Quality development and standards in learning, education, and training: adaptation model and guidelines for implementations”; in: Информатизация образования и науки [= Информике (Informika), ISSN 2073-7572]; Vol. 7 (3), 2010. Moscow (Russian Federation). S. 136-146. [also online available on: http://www.qed-info.de/downloads].

    [25] STRACKE C M. (2009): “Quality Development and Standards in e-Learning: Benefits and Guidelines for Implementations”; in: Proceedings of the ASEM Lifelong Learning Conference: e-Learning and Workplace Learning. Bangkok (Thailand) [also online available on: http://www.qed-info.de/downloads].

    [26] STRACKE C M. (2006a). Process-oriented Quality Management. In Pawlowski J. & Ehlers, U. (Eds.) European Handbook on Quality and Standardisation in E-Learning. Berlin: Springer, 79-96.

    [27] STRACKE C M. (2006b). Interoperability and Quality Development in e-Learning. In Proceedings of the Asia-Europe e-Learning Colloquy. Seoul: e-ASEM.

    [28] STRACKE C M./ Hildebrandt, B. (2007). Quality Development and Quality Standards in eLearning: Adoption, Implementation, and Adaptation. In Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunication 2007. Chesapeake, VA: AACE, 4158-4165.

    [29] WEINERT FRANZ E. (2001): “Concept of Competence: A Conceptual Clarification”, in: Rychen, Dominique Simone (Hg.): Defining and selecting key competencies, Hogrefe & Huber: Seattle et al., 45-66.

    [30] WHITE R W. (1959): “Motivation reconsidered. The concept of competence”, in: Psychol. Rev., 66, 297-333.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-09-01
  • 修回日期:  2011-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2012-03-25

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